Abraham Lincoln once defined ‘democracy’ as ‘the government of the people, by the people for the people’. It means that in democratic form of government common man plays the pivotal role. The aristocracy, the landlords and the politicians have to work according to the wishes of the common man. The main object of their political activities is thus the welfare, betterment and amelioration of the poor masses of the country who elect them as their representatives and to whom they are answerable of their duties and responsibilities.
It is true that the essence of democracy lies in the well-being of the masses and their participation in the functions of the government. But it is a pity that in Pakistan, democracy is used as a weapon against the people. In Pakistan, democracy has encouraged hatred, hooliganism and witch hunting.
The main cause of the failure of democracy in Pakistan is that; education is not common here. People are mostly illiterate and are ignorant of their rights and responsibilities, the rulers and the law makers of the country are usually the big landlords who have no concern with education, independent thinking and pure patriotic feelings. They grab power with the sole aim of making people their slaves so that they may multiply their wealth by fair or unfair means. This wealth is then used for personal ostentation, luxurious living and sensual pleasures.
In Pakistan, sectarianism, illiteracy, bradry system and poor economic condition have deteriorated our social and political structure. Most of the so-called politicians and law makers are illiterate. Their pockets are full of money but their minds are devoid of wisdom. The law makers are the law breakers. They themselves are involved in such heinous crimes as electricity theft, prostitution smuggling, dacoity, murder, drug trafficking and terrorism.
Democracy can flourish only in those countries where people are literate and are fully aware of their rights and responsibilities. If we want to make Pakistan a democratic country, we will have to spread education so that people may be able to distinguish between good and evil.